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Timeline of Ram Mandir Ayodhya and Babri Masjid

Pre-Colonial Period:

  • 14th Century: Ayodhya’s historical significance as Rama’s birthplace is established through Ayodhya Mahatmya text.
  • 1528: Babri Masjid is constructed by Babur’s commander Mir Baqi on Ramkot hill, believed by Hindus to be Rama’s birthplace.
  • 16th-18th Centuries: No documented conflict over the site.

Colonial Period:

  • 1853: First recorded dispute between Hindus and Muslims erupts, leading to a court case favoring Muslims.
  • 1855-1857: Hindus build a Chabutra (platform) adjacent to the Masjid.
  • 1858: Tensions flare again, but are quelled by British authorities.
  • 1934-36: Hindu Mahasabha raises the issue of reclaiming the site, sparking fresh disputes.
  • 1947: Idols of Rama and Sita are placed inside the mosque by Hindu activists, leading to its closure.

Post-Independence:

  • 1949: A legal suit is filed by Hindus claiming ownership of the site.
  • 1950-60s: Further legal battles ensue, but no resolution is reached.
  • 1980s: Hindu nationalist movements (BJP, VHP) gain momentum, intensifying demands for a Ram temple.
  • 1984: Locks of Babri Masjid are opened by a Faizabad court order, granting Hindus partial access.
  • 1989: Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi allows foundation stone laying ceremony for Ram temple adjacent to the Masjid.
  • 1990: Hindus attempt to storm the Masjid, leading to police firing and casualties (Ayodhya firing incident).
  • 1992: December 6th, Babri Masjid is demolished by a mob of Hindu Karsevaks, triggering widespread riots across India.

Post-Demolition:

  • 1992-2010: Prolonged legal battle over the ownership of the disputed land.
  • 2010: Allahabad High Court divides the land in three parts between Hindus, Muslims, and a Hindu Akhara.
  • 2019: Supreme Court overturns the High Court verdict and awards the entire land to Hindus for building a Ram temple.
  • 2020: CBI court acquits all accused in the Babri Masjid demolition case.
  • 2023: Bhoomi Pujan (groundbreaking ceremony) for the Ram Mandir takes place.
  • 2024 (Expected): Completion and inauguration of the Ram Mandir.

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